Endometriosis is a painful disorder in which the tissue that lines inside the uterus (endometrium) grows outside the uterus. It mostly involves the ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissue lining the pelvis. Endometriosis can cause severe pains especially during menstrual periods.
What causes Endometriosis?
No certain cause of this condition has been established. However, the presence of displaced endometrial cells in the pelvic cavity or development of the same cells from hormonal influence or immune system disorder may cause this condition.
What are the risk factors?
- Never giving birth.
- Starting periods at an early age.
- Short menstrual cycles.
- Heavy menstrual periods that last longer than seven days.
- Reproductive tract abnormalities.
Signs and symptoms include;
- Painful periods
- Excessive bleeding
- Pain during or after sex.
- Difficulty getting pregnant. (Infertility)
Is there treatment for Endometriosis?
This condition has no cure but its symptoms can be managed. There are surgical options to help manage the symptoms and manage potential complications.
Source: Mayo Clinic.
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